Month: January 2021

Having an Aquarium at Home: Everything You Need to Know

Category : Home Renovation

For many years, it has been possible to reproduce aquatic ecosystems within a house. In fact, with the technological advances of recent decades, it has evolved from a small fishbowl to a huge aquarium. However, it is not only a decorative complement to the different spaces of the home. And, deciding to have an aquarium at home can be a challenge at first. Although it is an excellent alternative for contemplating and enjoying a small natural space at home, there are some considerations for its maintenance. And it’s not just a question of where it will be located; it’s also essential to know in advance how it will work, what care it needs and how the fish will receive an environment that is suitable for their lives. Are you considering acquiring one? Here’s what you should keep in mind:

Consider the Space Available

First of all, do you already know where you will put the aquarium? This is very important because the size of the aquarium depends on the available space. Whenever possible, the most suitable option should be chosen; moreover, depending on this, the choice of fish and their quantity will also be made.

Pick Your Fish Type

You need to evaluate the types of fish you wish to have in the aquarium. It should be clear whether you prefer cold water or warm water. The difference between these fish varieties is that cold water fish are more resistant, have slow movements, and are generally peaceful.

On the other hand, those with warm water must stay in an environment between 23ºC and 25ºC. They are preferred because they have bright colors; however, they are more territorial and can trigger fights for their space.

The Water Option Matters

There are several alternatives for conditioning the water before using it to fill the aquarium. First of all, it can be boiled and left to stand. Another option is to let it rest for a day in the sun. Finally, rainwater could be recovered.

If the fish are warm water, you will have to buy a heater and a thermometer to monitor the water temperature. Otherwise, the environment could be degraded, which would lead to the death of the species.

Think About Soil and Plants

Soil and plants are an excellent complement to have a more attractive home aquarium. The ground is almost always made of gravel, i.e., small colored stones. However, some add moss and organic matter. Plants become a refuge for fish. Although artificial plants can be used, we recommend using natural plants to benefit the fish.

Feeding Your Fish

It is essential to keep in mind that fish cannot be fed “just anything”. Inappropriate feeding can shorten your life. Therefore, it is best to give them a unique concentrate of fishmeal, eggs, vegetables, and vitamins. Also, they should only be fed twice a day, following the five-minute rule. This means that food will only be provided during this period. Giving too much food is also dangerous for them.

Light It Up

We must take into account the importance of lighting the aquarium. Unique artificial lights are almost always used, as direct sunlight can cause algae growth. These lights are turned on for 8 to 10 hours a day.

Don’t Overlook Maintenance

When you have an aquarium at home, you must consider the time required to maintain it. Remember that it must be cleaned regularly to keep it in good condition. Water changes and care will depend on the number of fish and the amount of food provided.
– It is best to clean it twice a month (every two weeks, for example). Changing the water can be done in a simple process. Only water can be removed from the bottom using a hose and a gravity tube.
– The habit of removing fish for cleaning is a thing of the past. Some devices allow the removal of waste without altering the environment in which it is found.

You now know what to do before and after purchasing an aquarium for your home. Do you have any other useful tips in maintaining an aquarium? Remember to share them in the comments below!

How to Prevent Soil Compaction on Your Plot (Part 2)

This post is a continuation of Part 1 on How to Prevent Soil Compaction on Your Plot. Lately, we have gone through 

– Context of compaction

– Compaction events

– Sources of compaction

We will now cover:

– Preventing compaction to avoid possible disorders 

Prevention of compactions to avoid possible disorders

Soil investigation (geotechnics) and foundations are closely linked and are the essential basis for preventing compaction. Soil investigation and the study of the building’s structure make it possible to assess the pressures exerted.

Adaptation of the foundations

In a building, the foundations ensure the transfer of forces: vertical compression, the building’s weight, overloads, and they respond to the reaction forces of the ground (its bearing capacity).

The type and dimensions of the foundations are thus determined. They imply knowledge of the soil’s nature: a soil study (geotechnical) is therefore strongly recommended. Ignorance of the soil’s geotechnical properties can lead to the construction of foundations that are not deep enough or built on unstable fill or heterogeneous soils of different bearing capacity.

Foundations take various forms depending on the geotechnical study: superficial when the hard ground is close to the surface, deep when the resistant layer of foundation is at a significant depth, special to meet particular criteria such as in marshes.

Good to know:  Earthquake-resistant building regulations must also be complied with depending on the construction region.

Points to watch out for

The depth of the hard ground for the foundations should be determined in the following ways:

    • the cleanliness of the excavation bottoms should be checked to ensure that the footings are poured adequately on the hard ground (clean soil and fill falling to the bottom), 
    • the pouring of the foundations should be postponed in the event of heavy rain (stagnation of water at the bottom of the excavation).

It is also necessary to highlight a soil’s heterogeneities requiring specific adaptations (such as constructing a foundation in wells and long lines to pass an area of unstable embankments).

Good to know: when you build on a subdivision, a soil study linked to the development permit for this subdivision is available and can provide you with information.

Expansion and Compaction Joints

As soon as the masonry walls reach large surfaces, it is necessary to intersect them with joints that respond to:

    • the expansion or shrinkage of the materials, 
    • the difference in load brought by the construction on the foundations,  
    • the presence of heterogeneous ground and therefore different foundations, 
    • the antiseismic protection (antiseismic rules).

The spacing between the joints is determined according to several criteria.

The first is the building’s location: in dry regions on shores, the joints must be provided with every 20 metres, whereas in wet temperate areas, it is every 35 metres in the case of load-bearing masonry.

Then comes the building’s general design, the nature of the masonry materials, the masonry function (load-bearing or not), and the joint’s role.

Good to know: the joint must be regular over the entire height (without contact points) and at most 2 cm wide. On the facade, it must be protected against infiltration by a watertight bead and a joint cover. On the inside wall, the joint can be made with a flexible product with good fire resistance.

 That’s it. All you needed to know about soil compaction. Thank you for staying posted on our new blog posts. Hope the posts from Part 1 till here would be of any help to you. Remember to leave your comments below and share these posts in your network.

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