Try asking a child to describe a house to you. The child will answer by the color of the house, its roof, and its windows. By a primary reflex, the child associates the color of the house with that of the facade. Indeed, the facade is defined as the masterpiece of the exterior appearance of a home. As such, it should be known that it has four important roles.
1. Aesthetic role
The facade enhances the external appearance of the building. Its condition reveals a first impression of the habitat, including its beauty. Its main attribution is to embellish it. In order to achieve this aesthetic ambition, the facade is subject to several activities such as restoration, renovation, cleaning, or painting. Each of these activities aims to give brightness to the external walls to make them attractive. Indeed, the beauty of the facade is the pride of any owner.
Contrary to popular belief, this quality of beautifying our homes is not attributed to the color of the facade but to the quality of the work of the facade painter. Therefore, entrust the treatment of your facades to the professionals of restoration.
2. Technical role
In general, the structure of a building is defined by the posts and beams. From this fact, we must conclude that the facade intervenes in an accessory way in the architecture of the habitat. Indeed, it plays a protective role against climatic hazards and weather disturbances.
In addition, it should be noted that the basic structure of a building is not sufficient to ensure its sustainability. Left at this stage, it is likely to collapse in the face of bad weather conditions. Hence the need to fill the empty parts. From a technical point of view, the facade results from filling these walls to constitute a shelter against bad weather. Therefore, it allows the balance of the building structure.
3. Energy role
In practice, the thermal comfort of the habitat can not be constant. Indeed, this one is dependent on external meteorological conditions. This exchange between internal and external temperature is carried out at the wall level, therefore, the facade. Given this fact, thermal insulation from the outside is a technique for maintaining the internal temperature of the house by installing insulation (rock wool, wood wool) on the exterior facade.
Whether you plan electric shutters or wood or aluminum joinery, the conditions of thermal insulation of the facade are independent of the choice of mode of closure of the building. The objective here is the energy efficiency of the facade. That is to say; the aim is to maintain the ambient temperature of the internal environment. In this way, the residents can enjoy optimal thermal comfort. This technique has the advantage of reducing the energy consumption of heating. In addition, you could benefit from an economic and ecological advantage by installing a combined solar system.
4. Hygienic role
Keeping the exterior of a building clean is a delicate job. The method of cleaning the upper part depends on the choice of roof. However, the facade must be washed because of the stains, dust, and mold that accumulate over time. We agree that apart from the aesthetic reasons, these inconveniences are detrimental to the health of the residents.
The ease of cleaning a façade depends on the choice of wall covering. This cleaning can be done by the owner. If this is the case, passages for hard-to-reach areas should have been provided during construction. If this is the case, it is always advisable to call in a professional facade cleaner.
Finally, in the case of fundamental problems (cracks, stains, or persistent mold), appropriate measures such as painting or renovating the facades should be taken.
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