In the middle of winter, it is often possible to wake up without good heating. In these circumstances, either your house does not have a fireplace or the fireplace is outdated. Indeed, the fireplace is an element that spreads heat in the place and manages to warm everyone. So, to avoid being cold in winter, this article will show you how to install a fireplace in your home from A to Z.
Step 1: Plan the Installation of Your Fireplace
Long before any construction, you will first need to determine the side of your chimney implementation. Very often, the implementation side varies depending on the house’s architecture. For complex homes (with stairs, for example), installing your chimney on the longest wall is best.
But, for classic dealerships, the fireplace can remain in the center of the living room. Once you have found the side of the implementation of your fireplace, you can begin your construction. To do this, prepare bricks, bushels, and mortar. By following these preliminary steps, you will be better prepared to construct your fireplace.
Step 2: Build the Hearth of Your Chimney
The hearth is the part of the chimney that produces heat. To begin, lay a few bricks on the ground to make your fireplace’s base (square shape). Next, lay a stack of more bricks on three sides of the base and solidify them using the trowel and mortar. As you stack the bricks, use a level to check the balance of the building.
Once the base is done, lay the fireplace mantle, so it forms a square on the front of your fireplace. But, if you lay the mantle, there will be a hollow area towards the back of the fireplace. In this case, take some more bricks and consolidate them with mortar to close this hollow area. After this process, you have completed your fireplace.
Step 3: Build the Flue of Your Fireplace
To form the chimney flue, you will first need to install the flue collar.The flue collar is the part that tops the fireplace and directs the smoke into the flue. To install the flue collar, place it at the bottom of your fireplace and use mortar to solidify it. Next, stack a succession of bushels after the flue to form the flue. Here, you will need to use mortar to join this assembly.
This succession of bushels must be done up to the roof level. By doing this, you have just built the hood of your chimney. But, for water-tightness reasons, you must not leave the downspout and the bushels in the open air. So, use the mortar and bricks again to form a kind of crevice that will complete the construction of the chimney flue.
Step 4: Build the Exterior of Your Chimney
Once the flue is complete, cover the outside of the chimney with flashings. Flashings are plasters designed to seal the top of your chimney. Then, put a cover on the chimney to protect the opening. This cover must be made of stone/concrete and extend 5 cm beyond the fireplace wall.
In addition, it must have gutters to prevent rain from flowing through your chimney. By completing these tasks, you have finished building the upper part of your chimney. All you have to do for the lower part is fit a grate to your fireplace. Once the grate is installed, you have completed your fireplace. It is now ready for use.
These tips may seem complicated, especially if you’re not in the business. However, just follow each step, and you will be able to build a fireplace by yourself.